Epoxy is a type of polymer that is first in the form of two different components and is converted to a solid state by a controlled chemical reaction. Due to this change of mechanical and chemical state, epoxy floor coverings naturally have good resistance. Epoxy floor coverings are highly adhesive when changing the state of the liquid to solid, allowing them to create a strong bond with concrete flooring, whether new or old.
There are a wide variety of applications and uses for epoxy coatings, including epoxy flooring in commercial and industrial environments, as well as coatings for industrial appliances and machinery. Epoxy floor coverings can also be used as a vapor barrier on concrete slabs and foundations in new constructions.
Epoxy floor coverings generally consist of two main components, resins and hardeners. The resin in the epoxy floor is the clear or transparent component and virtually odorless. The hardener, on the other hand, is darker and has a strong odor, similar to ammonia. When these two components are mixed during the application process, a chemical reaction occurs. This chemical reaction transforms the epoxy flooring into a hard, rigid, plastic-like material for a very durable, waterproof and chemical resistant result.
The method of applying an epoxy floor covering is generally carried out using a squeegee and a roller. This application is best when carried out by professionals experienced in the application of flooring, to ensure compliance and durability.
The main advantages of installing an epoxy flooring
- Durability: Epoxy-coated concrete floors last longer and resist intensive use, saving you money and allowing you to manage your company’s other concerns.
- Its strength: Once the epoxy has been converted into a solid polymer, it becomes very hard and prevents chemical degradation.
- Time saving: Epoxy flooring is generally quick and easy to install, which means fewer production stops for installation.
- Reduced cleaning and maintenance: Once the concrete is epoxy coated, it is no longer porous, it is now sealed and therefore easier to clean.
- Aesthetics: Coatings are usually available in a wide range of colors and patterns to suit your preferences.
- Chemical resistant: epoxy coatings can withstand continuous exposure to strong chemicals, which is perfect for warehouses or plants that may be exposed to these chemicals.
- Safety: These coatings are also non-slip, resistant to various temperatures, to strong impacts and even to fire. This allows you to guarantee the safety of your employees and your building.
- Brightness: Generally, a high gloss option can be offered for coatings, thus improving the lighting of your facility by reflecting light on the floor.
- Reduced vehicle maintenance: By choosing an epoxy flooring, you can also reduce the wear and tear of vehicles in your facility because the flooring is safer and more forgiving.
- Better for the environment: Finally, epoxy floor coverings are a greener option for your business, due to reduced use of equipment. This is a great alternative to adding a new floor or replacing vehicles due to damage
The use of epoxy flooring is gaining popularity for residential garage floors. Many garages are used for purposes other than parking the car, they become more attractive utility spaces. Some garages are converted into game rooms with billiard tables or ping-pong tables and darts. Others serve as recreational areas or have a dual purpose, i.e. a children’s playroom in addition to a parking lot. An epoxy flooring provides an attractive, easy-care floor, ideal for a garage. It has the advantage of protecting the concrete floor from oil and other stains of chemicals, extending the life of an untreated floor.
Thanks to the many decorative options, an epoxy floor can also be an excellent choice elsewhere in the home, such as in the basement, in the laundry room and even in the kitchen. You can choose from an unlimited variety of solid colors, combinations and patterns such as stripes, tiles, terrazzo or a marble effect. The covering can also be customized to fit the style of your choice. All moisture-prone areas are ideal candidates for epoxy flooring because it is waterproof, preventing any infiltration.
Commercial and industrial uses for epoxy floor coverings include restaurant and hotel kitchens, hospital floors, retail stores, warehouses, car showrooms, kennels, commercial garages, office buildings, schools, and any other intensively used floor. Epoxy floor coverings can also be very useful in areas that may be slippery, where additional traction and stability are required, such as ramps and loading docks, aisles, and more. Epoxy coatings can be used directly on concrete or other floor materials, including damaged floors.